We, as Adana Metropolitan Municipality and local institutions, are in service for a self-sufficient Adana where there will be no poor people. At the point of sustainable development targets where Turkey has also put its signature, we are doing our best to reach the target in which there will be no poor people in Adana until 2030.
Although the people with less income and struggling with poverty in Adana have been financially supported by the Adana Metropolitan Municipality, there are various public institutions and benevolent associations working in the same direction. Many pre-vocational training courses were organized to help those in need of a job to work, besides some institutions are known to help those people who want to start a business and contribute to the economy.
Adana Metropolitan Municipality hands out food boxes to the people in need at regular intervals. Similarly, the municipality supports the farmers and stock farmers by donating seedlings, breeding animals and solar panels. Additional advanced coursed were organized to increase productivity in bee keeping. Cheaper and better, and various types of bread were baked in the ovens owned by the municipality. Inspections on vegetational oil and waste oil are being strictly conducted to prevent use of oil more than required. Waste oil discharge to the sewere system is prevented. Public security services of the municipality conduct inspections and take necessary precautions against unlicensed butchery.
Adana Metropolitan Municipality has Immigrant Integration and Coordination Center. At this center; Turkish language and literacy trainings for the immigrant population are managed.
Majority of the intercity bus drivers are female in Adana. There are many female bureaucrats in the Municipality Management Board, too. The municipality also has founded a Women’s Development and Education Center.
Adana Metropolitan Municipality has six water treatment facilities to supply clean water to the city. Five of these facilities supply clean water from wastewater while the other one is a biological wastewater facility. In past, the wastewater was discharged to the Mediterranean Sea which resulted in seawater pollution. These facilities have helped to keep the seawater clean.
Sustainable development targets encourage sustainable economic development, higher productivity levels and technological innovations. Entrepreneurism and encouragement of business possibilities are the key factors for sustainable development. The goal, keeping these targets in mind, is to provide decent work and business possibilities for women and men, and productive employment until 2030.
Investment for infrastructure and innovation are the critical driving forces for economic growth and development. Since more than half of the population of the world lives in cities, mass transportation and sustainable energy have been more significant than ever. Similarly, growth of new industries, data and communication industries are also significant. Supporting the sustainable industries and investment in scientific research and innovation are the ways that can make the sustainable development possible.
Since the 10% on the world holds the 40% wealth of the world (total global income), it is very clear that inequality in income around the world is growing. The poorest 10%, on the other hand, gets a share between 2% and 7% of the global income. When we take the increase in population into consideration, inequality in developing countries is calculated to be around 11%. In order to remove the inequality ever-growing, it is necessary to adopt decent policies supporting contribution of everybody disregarding their sex, race and ethnicity.
Inequality in income is an issue which requires global solutions. The solutions include organization and monitoring of financial markets and institutions, development aids and diversion of direct investments to the regions need them most. Providing safe migration and conduct of people is a significant factor in mitigation of inequality.
Extensive poverty is mostly denser in urban areas. National and local managements are struggling to accommodate growing population in these areas. Keeping the cities safe and sustainable means providing safe and accessible houses and to convert the slums into houses. Besides, investing in mass transportation, creating public green areas means improving the city planning and management in a participator and inclusive way.
Methods of productive management of our common natural resources, removal of poisonous and pollutive wastes must be our common goal to reach this target. Encouraging the industries, facilities and consumers for recycling and reducing the amount of waste has equal weight in encouraging them to adopt sustainable consumption patterns until 2030.
Majority of the world population has low production rates which are not sufficient to meet their own basic needs. In creating more productive production and supply chains, it is important to decrease the food waste per person by half on the seller and consumer level. By doing this, it is possible to increase food safety and the transfer to the economy where the resources are used in a more productive way.
There is no country on the world that does not experience the heavy effects of the climate change. Greenhouse gas emission is still increasing, and it was calculated that it has increased 50% more than it was in 1990. More than three billion people depend on the biodiversity observed in seas and on the coastlines for their lives. However, since more than 30% of the fish stock on the world has been overused, fishery is below the level where it could have been sustainable.
On the other hand, oceans are depleting 30% of the carbon dioxide produced by human; and since the beginning of the industrial revolution we observe an increase by 26% in acidification of the oceans. Pollution of the sea resourced from the land has reached very critical levels.
Sustainable Development Targets aim to manage the sea and coastline eco-systems sustainably, to protect them from pollution and handle the acidification in the oceans. Supporting the sustainable use of the oceanic resources and providing protection by use of international law are expected to contribute mitigation of some problems the oceans are facing now.
For food and resources human life is dependent on land as well as the sea. Vegetations provide 80% of the food we need, and we rely on agriculture as economic resource and development tool. The forests cover 30% of the world and provide clean air, water resources and living spaces for millions of species. Forests also have critical significance for struggle with climatic change.
The Sustainable Development Goals aim to protect and restore terrestrial ecosystems such as forests, wetlands, arid areas and mountains by 2020. Stopping deforestation and reducing the effects of climate change are vital.
High level armed conflagration and lack of confidence have destructive effects on development of countries. Such situations effect economic growth and create injustice and wrongfulness that can last during generations. Where clashes are observed and superiority of law is not experienced, sexual crimes, crimes, abuse and torture are widespread and the countries must take precautions to protect to the ones subject to such risks.
Sustainable Development Targets aims to minimize every type of violation and, seeks cooperation of governments and people to find permanent solutions. Boosting the superiority of law is the key for this process. It also is important to prevent illegal gun trade and providing means by which the developing countries join the global management institutions.
Sustainable Development Targets can only be realized by a strong commitment and global partnership. The world today is more connected than ever before. Having the access to accumulation of knowledge and technology increased, is a good method to share the ideas and to support the innovations.